Speaking in tongues research papers
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Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. All informants were practising Christians. Speakers reported glossolalia as a regular, daily, private activity, usually accompanying mundane activities, as a special form of prayer associated with calm, pleasant emotions.
By contrast, witnesses and controls were more likely to describe glossolalia as an exceptional activity, usually occurring in the religious group, and associated with excitement. The views of witnesses were closer to those of speakers than were the views of controls. It is suggested that there may be two types of glossolalia, of which one is more likely to be associated with psychopathology. Volume 70 , Issue 2. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.
Speaking In Tongues Essay
If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. All had been in the habit of speaking in tongues "almost on a daily basis" for the past 5 years, says Newberg.
As a control activity, subjects stood and sang gospel songs with musical accompaniment, moving their arms and swaying. Then they were asked to repeat the behavior, but this time the researchers encouraged them to speak in tongues rather than sing. In each case, the scientists gave the subjects an intravenous injection of a radioactive tracer that provided, in effect, a freeze-frame of which brain areas were most active during the behavior, as indicated by increased blood flow.
This was captured by then scanning the women's brains in a single photon emission computed tomography SPECT machine. Glossolalia produced a significantly different pattern of brain activity than singing, the team reports in the November issue of Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. Perhaps the most important difference was a decrease in frontal lobe function, Newberg says. The findings make sense, says Newberg, because speaking in tongues involves relinquishing control while gaining a "very intense experience of how the self relates to God.
When people meditate on a particular sacred object, Newberg has found that their frontal lobe activity increases, while their parietal activity goes down.
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This conforms with the notion that in meditation one has a controlled focus while losing a sense of self. It's an excellent study, says psychologist Michael Persinger of Laurentian University in Ontario, Canada, who has done brainwave research with glossolalia. So then tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe, but to unbelievers; but prophecy is for a sign, not to unbelievers, but to those who believe.
If therefore the whole church should assemble together and all speak in tongues, and ungifted men or unbelievers enter, will they not say that you are mad? But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or an ungifted man enters, he is convicted by all, he is called to account by all; the secrets of his heart are disclosed; and so he will fall on his face and worship God, declaring that God is certainly among you.
Paul as telling the Jews to be mature in their thinking regarding this matter. When you assemble, each one has a psalm, has a teaching, has a revelation, has a tongue, has an interpretation. Let all things be done for edification. If anyone speaks in a tongue, it should be by two or at the most three, and each in turn, and let one interpret; but if there is no interpreter, let him keep silent in the church; and let him speak to himself and to God. And let two or three prophets speak, and let the others pass judgment. But if a revelation is made to another who is seated, let the first keep silent.
For you can all prophesy one by one, so that all may learn and all may be exhorted; and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets; for God is not a God of confusion but of peace, as in all the churches of the saints. Notice the similarity between the gifts of prophesy and tongues: When you gather, each with his gift, the goal is always edification.
When someone speaks in tongues, it must by only by two or three at most, and someone must interpret or all must keep silent.
When prophesy is offered it must be only by two or three at the most, and the others must judge by the standards God had given [see Deuteronomy , Acts ]. In verse 30 the word revelation is used as a synonym for both activities. Until that work was completed, God spoke by special revelation through the Apostles and specially gifted individuals in each community. They were to judge all prophesy as if it was a direct revelation from God.
But what was God revealing communicating infallibly through each gift? Prophesy is a special revelatory gift by which God directed the early church during this apostolic period of transition from the Levitical rituals and symbols into the age of fulfillment in Christ. Tongues are different. Their content is not as clearly explained in this context. There are two ways of interpreting the message being spoken in the tongues:.
View 1. The tongues were secret messages equivalent with prophesy when interpreted. According to this view, God spoke directly to individuals using a foreign language that had to be translated into their language for understanding. There are some problems with this first view. Yet that would be the best word if this meant to put the content of what was said into the language understood by the listeners.
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The Greek term used is diermaeneuae from the Greek root hermaeneuo. This is the term used in verses 5, 13, 26 and But many times there is an explanation of the purpose given in the prophetic books to those who were observing it.
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It is likely that the intent here is not that someone should translate what was said in the tongues. But more probably it means that God required that there should be an explanation in every case so that those hearing would understand the prophetic meaning of the miraculous event.
This would differentiate it from the pagan variety and show the purpose for which God was employing it. Why use them in the church or in private where no unbeliever is present if in verse 22 it says that they are a sign to unbelievers? View 2. According to this view the interpretation of tongues was not that they be translated as to their content, but to be explained as to their prophetic meaning. This is what Peter did at Pentecost.
Here Paul immediately links it with Isaiah 28 to show the meaning of the phenomena.